Category Archives: Days Of The Yar

Happy National Tortilla Chip Day 2018 – Feb 24, 2018

National Tortilla Chip Day 2018 February 24, 2018

in the USA Tortilla Chip Day is celebrated on February 24, 2018. A tortilla chip is a snack food made from corn tortillas, which are cut into wedges and then fried. Alternatively they may be discs pressed out of corn masa then fried or baked. Corn tortillas are made of corn, vegetable oil, salt and water.Tortilla chips are the quintessential and often complimentary appetizer in Tex-Mex and Mexican restaurants in the U.S. and elsewhere. Although first mass-produced in Los Angeles in the late 1940s, tortilla chips were always considered to be a Mexican food, known as tostados. Though usually made of yellow corn, they can also be made of white, blue, or red corn. Some manufacturers include many other ingredients including wheat, sugar, and MSG

The triangle shaped tortilla chip was popularized by Rebecca Webb Carranza as a way to make use of misshapen tortillas rejected from the automated tortilla manufacturing machine that she and her husband used at their Mexican delicatessen and tortilla factory in southwest Los Angeles. Carranza found that the discarded tortillas, cut into triangles and fried, were a popular snack.

Where is National Tortilla Chip Day?

Nationwide USA

When is National Tortilla Chip Day?

Saturday, the 24th of February 2018


Source: National Tortilla Chip Day 2018 – Feb 24, 2018


Happy Valentines Day


The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?


The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that is still in use today. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle Ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.

While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.

To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.

Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love. During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds’ mating season, which added to the idea that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day for romance.

Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still in existence today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it is believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois.

In addition to the United States, Valentine’s Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France and Australia. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century. By the middle of the 18th, it was common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes, and by 1900 printed cards began to replace written letters due to improvements in printing technology. Ready-made cards were an easy way for people to express their emotions in a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged. Cheaper postage rates also contributed to an increase in the popularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings.

Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early 1700s. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the first mass-produced valentines in America. Howland, known as the “Mother of the Valentine,” made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures known as “scrap.” Today, according to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent each year, making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year. (An estimated 2.6 billion cards are sent for Christmas.) Women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines.

This Day in History August 3rd

This Day in History

  • 2011 Died: Bubba Smith, American professional football player and actor best known for his role as Moses Hightower in the Police Academy films.
  • 2010 Popular riots started in the city of Karachi, Pakistan following the assassination of Raza Haider, a member of the Parliament of Pakistan.
  • 2008 Died: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist, historian, teacher and dissident who was awarded the 1970 Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 2004 The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopened after being closed following the September 11 attacks. The statue itself reopened in 2009.
  • 1998 Died: Alfred Schnittke, Soviet and Russian composer considered one of the most influential composers of the mid-20th century.
  • 1995 The Airstan Ilyushin Il-76TD transport aircraft with Russian nationals on board was captured by the Taliban near Kandahar, Afghanistan.
  • 1992 Born: Karlie Kloss, American fashion model who was a Victoria’s Secret Angel. She is regarded as one of the top models of the 2010s.
  • 1979 Died: Bertil Gotthard Ohlin, Swedish economist and politician who was awarded the 1977 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
  • 1979 Born: Evangeline Lilly, Canadian actress and author best known for her roles as Kate Austen on Lost and Tauriel in The Hobbit series.
  • 1966 Died: Lenny Bruce (stage name of Leonard Alfred Schneider), American stand-up comedian, satirist and social critic noted for his obscenity.
  • 1966 Born: Gizz Butt (born Graham Anthony Butt), British musician best known for playing the guitar during the live performances by The Prodigy.
  • 1958 The world’s first operational nuclear-powered submarine USS Nautilus became the first watercraft to reach the geographic North Pole.
  • 1946 Santa Claus Land (now Holiday World & Splashin’) opened in Santa Claus, Indiana. It was the world’s first themed amusement park.
  • 1942 Died: Richard Willstätter, German organic chemist who was awarded the 1915 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his study of plant pigments.
  • 1941 Born: Martha Stewart (née Kostyra), American businesswoman, author and TV personality, the founder of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia.
  • 1929 Died: Emile Berliner, German-born American inventor primarily remembered for the development of the disc record gramophone.
  • 1926 Born: Tony Bennett, American singer of jazz, show tunes and traditional pop standards, painter and philanthropist. He has won 18 Grammy Awards.
  • 1923 Born: Jean Hagen, American actress best known for her role as Lina Lamont in the 1952 musical comedy Singing’ in the Rain.
  • 1904 Born: Clifford Donald Simak, renowned American science fiction and fantasy writer honored with three Hugo Awards and with one Nebula Award.
  • 1903 Macedonian rebels proclaimed the short-lived Kruševo Republic which is seen today as a prelude to the independence of modern Macedonia.
  • 1903 Born: Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian statesman and politician who served as the first President of the Republic of Tunisia from 1957 to 1987.
  • 1879 Died: Joseph Severn, English painter and a personal friend of the famous English poet John Keats. He is noted for his portraits.
  • 1877 Died: William B. Ogden, American businessman who was the first Mayor of Chicago and the first president of the Union Pacific Railroad.
  • 1872 Born: Haakon VII of Norway, King of Norway from 1905 to 1957. He was the first king of Norway after the dissolution of its union with Sweden.
  • 1811 Born: Elisha Otis, American industrialist and inventor who founded the Otis Elevator Company. He invented a safety device for elevators.
  • 1795 The Treaty of Greenville was signed, establishing a boundary between Native American territory and lands open to European settlers.
  • 1778 The opera house La Scala was inaugurated in Milan, Italy. The premiere performance was Antonio Salieri’s Europa riconosciuta.
  • 1721 Died: Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-British sculptor and wood carver known for his work in England, including Saint Paul’s Cathedral.
  • 1601 The Battle of Guruslău was fought during the Long War. The Habsburg Empire won and took Transylvania out from the Ottoman suzerainty.
  • 1492 The first voyage of Christopher Columbus began. He departed with three ships (the Santa María, the Pinta and the Niña) from Palos de la Frontera.

This Day in History August 2nd

This Day in History

  • 2005 Air France Flight 358 en route from Paris, France, to Toronto, Canada, crashed at Pearson Airport in Toronto. All passengers and the crew survived.
  • 1998 Beginning of the Second Congo War (sometimes referred to as the African World War or the Great African War). The war ended in July 2003, when the Transitional Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo took power.
  • 1990 Iraq launched the invasion to Kuwait by bombing is capital, Kuwait City, thus beginning the Gulf War. The war ended in February 1991.
  • 1985 Delta Air Lines Flight 191 en route from Florida to Los Angeles, USA, crashed at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. 136 of 152 passengers and 11 members of crew died.
  • 1980 The Central Station at Bologna, Italy, was attacked by a terrorist. The terrorist detonated a bomb, killing 85 people and wounding more than 200.
  • 1978 Died: Antony Noghès, French businessman, best known as a founder of the Monaco Grand Prix, one of the most important and prestigious automobile races in the world.
  • 1977 Born: Edward Furlong, American actor and singer, who rose to prominence after performance in Terminator 2: Judgment day (as John Connor). He also starred in American Heart, A Home of Our Own, American History X.
  • 1976 Died: Fritz Lang, Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter, most famous for films that include the groundbreaking Metropolis and M, that he had made before he moved to the United States.
  • 1973 Died: Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, a prominent person of the French Resistance during World War II. Produced in 2008 documentary Code Name Melville reveals the importance of Jean-Pierre Melville’s personal experience in the French Resistance.
  • 1951 Born: Joe Lynn Turner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist, known for works with numerous hard rock bands, Rainbow, Fandango, Deep Purple, Mother’s Army, Hughes Turner Project. Currently he is the vocalist for Rated X group.
  • 1947 A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian airliner crashed into a mountain during a flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina to Santiago, Chile. The wreckage would not be found for over 50 years.
  • 1941 Born: Jules A. Hoffmann, Luxembourg-born French biologist and academic. In 2010 he shared Nobel Prize with American immunologist and geneticist Bruce Beutler for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity.
  • 1939 Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd wrote a letter to President of the USA Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging him to begin the Manhattan Project to develop a nuclear weapon.
  • 1934 Died: Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, the 2nd President of Germany. After his death presidency in Germany was abolished and Adolf Hitler became Führer of the state.
  • 1932 Born: Lamar Hunt, American sportsman and businessman. He promoted soccer, basketball, tennis, ice hockey and American football in the USA and became the principal founder of the American Football League and World Championship Tennis.
  • 1932 Born: Peter O’Toole, British-Irish actor of stage and film. He rose to fame playing T. E. Lawrence in Lawrence of Arabia (the role brought him an Academy Award nomination). He is also known for roles in films Goodbye, Mr. Chips, The Lion in Winter, Becket, The Stunt Man, My Favorite Year.
  • 1923 Died: Warren G. Harding, American journalist and politician, 29th President of the United States, who served in office from March, 1921 till his death. His presidency featured many scandals, earning him bottom-tier ranking from historians.
  • 1923 Born: Shimon Peres, Polish-born Israeli politician, the 9th President of Israel, serving in office from 2007 till retirement in 2014. His political work was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 for the peace talks that he participated in as Israeli Foreign Minister, producing the Oslo Accords.
  • 1922 Died: Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-Canadian engineer, inventor and innovator. His best known invention is telephone, that he patented in 1876.
  • 1922 A powerful and disastrous typhoon hit Shantou, Republic of China. More than 50,000 people were killed, making it one of the deadliest known typhoons in history.
  • 1921 Died: Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor. He sang to great acclaim in major opera houses of Europe and the USA. From 1902 to 1920 he made 290 commercially released recordings, that are still available today as digital downloads.
  • 1905 Born: Myrna Loy, American actress and singer. She rose to fame after playing the role of Nora Charles in The Thin Man (1934). Although she’s never been nominated for a competitive Academy Award, she received an Honorary Academy Award in recognition of her extraordinary qualities in screen and off.
  • 1892 Born: Jack Warner, Canadian-born American production manager and producer, one of the co-founders of Warner Bros. in 1903. After foundation of company he became its president and driving force.
  • 1870 The world’s first underground tube railway, Tower Subway, opened in London. The tunnel was closed in 1898 and todays it’s used for water mains.
  • 1834 Born: Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, best known for designing the Statue of Liberty, that is situated in New York.
  • 1820 Born: John Tyndall, Irish-English physicist and mountaineer, who is widely known for his study of diamagnetism. He also made discoveries concerning realms of infrared radiation and properties of air.
  • 1810 Died: Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, French inventor. Together with his brother Joseph-Michel he invented hot air balloon. They also succeeded in launching the first manned ascent, carrying Étienne into the sky.
  • 1788 Died: Thomas Gainsborough, English landscape and portrait painter, noted for his technique and speed, that he applied paint. His most famous works are Portrait of Mrs. Graham, Mary and Margaret: The Painter’s Daughters, The Morning Walk, and Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher.
  • 1644 Died: Bernardo Strozzi, Italian painter of Baroque era. He is known for many paintings, that were influenced by Franciscan teachings. His best known works are Saint Christopher, The Piper, Saint Lawrence distributing Alms.
  • 1610 Henry Hudson sailed present-day Hudson Bay, thinking he had made it through the Northwest Passage and reached the Pacific Ocean.

This Day in History August 1st

This Day in History

  • 2009 A shooting occurred at the Tel Aviv branch of the Israeli LGBT Association. Two people were killed, and at least fifteen were injured.
  • 2009 Died: Corazon Aquino, Philippine politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines. She was the first female president in Asia.
  • 2008 Eleven mountaineers from international expeditions died while ascending K2, the world’s second-highest mountain, after Mount Everest.
  • 2004 A disastrous fire occurred at the Ycuá Bolaños V supermarket in Asunción, Paraguay. The final death toll was 394, including nine missing.
  • 1997 Died: Sviatoslav Richter, Soviet pianist known for his virtuoso technique. He considered to be one of the greatest pianists of the 20th century.
  • 1996 Died: Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish chemist residing in Switzerland who was awarded the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1988 Born: Max Carver, American actor best known for his role as Aiden on Teen Wolf. His twin brother Charlie Carver was born on July 31.
  • 1981 The American television channel MTV was launched. The first music video shown on MTV was The Buggles’ “Video Killed the Radio Star”.
  • 1977 Died: Francis Gary Powers, American pilot whose CIA U-2 spy plane was shot down during a reconnaissance mission over USSR airspace.
  • 1976 Born: Don Hertzfeldt, American author, animator and independent filmmaker whose animated films have received over 200 awards.
  • 1975 The Helsinki Accords (also known as Helsinki Declaration) was signed at the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe.
  • 1970 Died: Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physiologist and physician who was awarded the 1931 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1967 Died: Richard Kuhn, Austrian-German biochemist who was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on carotenoids and vitamins.
  • 1966 American student Charles Whitman killed 16 people and wounded 32 others in a spree shooting at the University of Texas at Austin.
  • 1965 Born: Sam Mendes, English film and stage director. In 1999, he became the sixth director to earn the Academy Award for his feature film debut.
  • 1945 Born: Douglas Osheroff, American physicist who was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics, along with Robert C. Richardson and David Lee.
  • 1944 During the Second World War, the Warsaw Uprising against the Nazi occupation began. It was organized by the Polish resistance Home Army.
  • 1943 Died: Lydia Litvyak, fighter pilot of the Soviet Air Force during the Second World War. She was the first female pilot to earn fighter ace.
  • 1936 Born: Yves Saint Laurent, Algerian-born French fashion designer who is regarded as one of the most prominent figures in fashion history.
  • 1914 The German Empire declared war on the Russian Empire at the opening of the First World War. The Swiss Army began to mobilize.
  • 1885 Born: George de Hevesy, German and Hungarian radiochemist who was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on tracers.
  • 1834 The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 came into force, abolishing slavery in the British Empire. In practical terms, only slaves below the age of 6 were freed.
  • 1819 Born: Herman Melville, American novelist, short story writer and poet best known for his novel Moby-Dick which was first published in 1851.
  • 1818 Born: Maria Mitchell, American astronomer who discovered the comet C/1847 T1 which was named after her (Miss Mitchell’s Comet).
  • 1779 Born: Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and poet best known for writing the lyrics to the U.S. anthem The Star-Spangled Banner.
  • 1774 English chemist Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen, having isolated it in its gaseous state. He called the new substance “dephlogisticated air”.
  • 1774 Born: Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist. He is best known as the developer of the first full-fledged evolutionary scheme.
  • 1714 Died: Anne, Queen of Great Britain. During her reign, the kingdoms of England and Scotland united as a single sovereign state (1707).
  • 1464 Died: Cosimo de’ Medici, the first of the famous Medici political dynasty, de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance.
  • 1137 Died: Louis VI of France, called the Fat, King of the Franks from 1108 until his death. He was the fifth monarch of the Capetian dynasty.

This Day in History July 31st July

This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: Gore Vidal (born Eugene Louis Vidal), American novelist, shorts story writer, essayist, dramatist, screenwriter and public intellectual.
  • 2012 American swimmer Michael Phelps broke the record for the most medals won at the Olympics. As of 2015, he has won 22 Olympic medals.
  • 2006 Fidel Castro handed over power to his younger brother Raúl Castro due to his illness. Raúl Castro was officially elected President in 2008.
  • 2001 Died: Poul Anderson, American author of science fiction, fantasy and historical fiction who received seven Hugo Awards and three Nebula Awards.
  • 1992 Thai Airways International Flight 311 crashed on approach to Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, Nepal, killing all 113 people on board.
  • 1992 Died: Leonard Cheshire, British Royal Air Force pilot during World War II and philanthropist. In 1944, he was awarded the Victoria Cross.
  • 1988 The Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal bridge collapsed in Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia, killing 33 people and injuring over 1,600 people.
  • 1988 Born: Charlie Carver, American actor known for his role as Ethan on Teen Wolf. His twin brother Max Carver played Ethan’s twin Aiden.
  • 1971 Apollo 15 mission astronauts became the first to use the Lunar Rover Vehicle. This vehicle helped expand the range of lunar explorers.
  • 1971 Died: Walter P. Carter, American civil rights activist who organized numerous demonstrations against discrimination in Maryland.
  • 1971 Born: John 5 (stage name of John William Lowery), American guitarist known for his work with Marilyn Manson, Rob Zombie, Meat Loaf etc.
  • 1970 The Black Tot Day: this was the last day when the Royal Navy issued sailors with a daily rum ration. A special stamp was issued on the occasion.
  • 1967 Born: Tim Wright, also known as CoLD SToRAGE, Welsh video game music composer, one of the founders of Jester Interactive.
  • 1965 Born: J. K. Rowling, British novelist known for her Harry Potter series and crime fiction novels (published under the pen name Robert Galbraith).
  • 1962 Born: Wesley Snipes, American actor, martial artist and film producer best known for playing the title character in the Blade film series.
  • 1954 An Italian expedition completed the first successful ascent to the summit of K2, the world’s second highest mountain at 8,611 meters.
  • 1944 Died: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator best known for his novella The Little Prince, first published in 1943.
  • 1944 Born: Robert C. Merton, American economist and professor who was awarded the 1997 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
  • 1932 Born: Ted Cassidy, American film, television and voice actor best known for his role of Lurch on the 1964 series The Addams Family.
  • 1930 Born: Oleg Popov, famous Soviet and Russian clown and circus artist (mime, juggler, tightrope walker) known as the “Sunshine clown”.
  • 1919 The Weimar National Assembly passed the Constitution of the German Reich, commonly referred to as the Weimar Constitution.
  • 1918 Born: Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist, analytical chemist and professor who was awarded the 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • 1914 Died: Jean Jaurès, French antimilitarist and Socialist leader. He was assassinated by Raoul Villain at the outbreak of the First World War.
  • 1914 Born: Louis de Funès, French actor regarded as one of the giants of French comedy. He is best known for his role as Ludovic Cruchot.
  • 1886 Died: Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor and teacher. He was a prominent representative of the New German School.
  • 1790 American inventor Samuel Hopkins was granted the first U.S. patent after the new patent statute. He patented the potash process.
  • 1784 Died: Denis Diderot, French philosopher, art critic and writer who was a prominent figure during the Age of Enlightenment in France.
  • 1726 Died: Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician. He was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the famous Bernoulli family.
  • 1556 Died: Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish knight, hermit, Catholic priest and theologian best known for founding the Society of Jesus (Jesuits).
  • 1498 During his third voyage of exploration, Christopher Columbus discovered Trinidad. The island remained a Spanish colony until 1797.

This Day in History July 30th

This Day in History

  • 2007 Died: Ingmar Bergman, Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter, one of the most accomplished and influential auteurs of all time. He is most famous for films The Seventh Seal, Wild Strawberries, Persona, Cries and Whispers, Fanny and Alexander.
  • 2007 Died: Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian director and screenwriter, best remembered for trilogy on modernity and its discontents L’Avventura, La Notte and L’Eclisse. He received numerous awards and nominations, including the Cannes Film Festival Jury Prize, Palme d’Or, Golden Lion, FIPRESCI Prize, Pietro Bianchi Award, the Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon, and an Academy Award.
  • 1992 Died: Joe Shuster, Canadian-American illustrator, best known as co-creator of the DC Comics character Superman. Together with Jerry Siegel, they published Superman for the first time in 1938.
  • 1978 Okinawa Prefecture in Japan changed its traffic on the right-hand side of the road to the left-hand side.
  • 1971 An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collided over Morioka, Iwate, Japan. 162 people were killed.
  • 1970 Born: Christopher Nolan: English-American director, producer, and screenwriter, creator of several commercially successful films of the early 21st century (Batman Begins, The Prestige, The Dark Knight).
  • 1965 Died: Jun’ichirō Tanizaki, Japanese author, one of the major Japanese writers of modern Japanese literature. His stories are frequently narrated in the context of search for cultural identity in which constructions of the West and Japanese tradition are confronted.
  • 1963 Born: Lisa Kudrow, American actress, screenwriter, and producer, best known for role as Phoebe Buffay on the televisions series Friends. This role brought her an Emmy Award and two Screen Actors Guild Awards.
  • 1961 Born: Laurence Fishburne, American actor and producer, best remembered for role as Morpheus in Matrix. He became the first African-American to portray Othello in a motion picture. This role brought him wide recognition.
  • 1956 Born: Delta Burke, American actress, singer, and producer, best known for role as Suzanne Sugarbaker in the CBS comedy series Designing Women. After fallout of Designing Women Burke never gained to rise to prominence.
  • 1948 Born: Jean Reno, French actor, best known for roes in Crimson Rivers, Godzilla, The Da Vinci Code, Mission: Impossible, The Pink Panther, Ronin, Les visiteurs, The Big Blue, and Léon.
  • 1947 Born: Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, French virologist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate for discovery of HIV.
  • 1947 Born: Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, the 38th Governor of California. He rose to fame as a Hollywood action film icon, starring in Conan the Barbarian, The Terminator, Predator and other films.
  • 1945 Born: Patrick Modiano, French author and screenwriter. His works were translated into more than 30 languages. Although his works are very popular in France, only a few were in circulation in Britain, where he was awarded with the Nobel Prize.
  • 1945 USS Indianapolis was sunk by Japanese submarine I-58 during World War II. 883 seamen were killed.
  • 1932 Flowers and Trees, first Walt Disney’s cartoon short to use Technicolor. This work became the first cartoon short to win Academy Award.
  • 1930 Died: Joan Gamper, Swiss-Spanish footballer and businessman, known as the founder of several Football Clubs, most notably FC Basel, FC Zürich and FC Barcelona.
  • 1930 The first FIFA World Cup was hosted in Uruguay. The Cup was won by Uruguayan football team.
  • 1912 Died: Emperor Meiji, the 122nd Emperor of Japan, reigning the country from 1867 till his death. During his reign Japan quickly rose from a feudal state to a capitalist and imperial world power, that was caused by Japan’s industrial revolution.
  • 1898 Died: Otto von Bismarck, prominent German politician. In 1871 he founded the German Empire and declared himself the Chancellor.
  • 1865 The steamboat Brother Jonathan sank off the coast of Crescent City, California. 225 passengers were killed. During the last voyage the vessel was loaded with crates of gold, that was valued at $50 million in today’s dollars.
  • 1863 Born: Henry Ford, American industrialist, founder of the Ford Motor Company. He didn’t invent the automobile of the assembly line, but he made automobiles, that many middle class Americans could afford.
  • 1863 Representatives of the United States and tribal leaders including Chief Pocatello (of the Shoshone) signed the Treaty of Box Elder. The treaty called for peaceable relations between the two groups and contained a promise by the U.S to pay the Shoshone $5,000 yearly as compensation for the utter destitution inflicted by war.
  • 1818 Born: Emily Brontë, English author and poet, the third eldest of four surviving Brontë siblings. She is best known for her only novel Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature.
  • 1811 Died: Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican priest and soldier, leader of the Mexican War of Independence. He was executed by a firing squad at Chihuahua.
  • 1718 Died: William Penn, English businessman and philosopher, one of the key figures in the history of British colonies in the present-day USA. He founded the Province of Pennsylvania and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
  • 1683 Died: Maria Theresa of Spain, the first wife of King Louis XIV. She is famous for her virtue and piety. She is often viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts, since she had to tolerate many illicit love affairs of her husband.
  • 1656 Swedish forces under the command of King Charles X Gustav defeated the forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth at the Battle of Warsaw.
  • 1629 A powerful earthquake in Naples, Italy caused death of about 10,000 people.
  • 1419 First Defenestration of Prague: a crowd of radical Hussites killed seven members of the Prague city council.

This Day in History July 29th

This Day in History

  • 2005 Astronomers announced discovery of the dwarf planet Eris. Eris is the most massive dwarf planet known in the Solar System and the ninth most massive body known to orbit the Sun. Its estimated to be about 1/3 of the Earth’s mass.
  • 1998 Died: Jerome Robbins, American director, producer, and choreographer, primarily known for his Broadway Theater and Ballet/Dance. His most notable works were One the Town, Peter Pan, Bells Are Ringing and West Side Story.
  • 1994 Died: Dorothy Hodgkin, Egyptian-English biochemist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate for discovery of structure of vitamin B12. Among her other most influential discoveries was the conformation of structure of penicillin.
  • 1987 Prime Minister of Great Britain Margaret Thatcher and President of France François Mitterrand signed an agreement on building a tunnel under the English Channel.
  • 1981 Born: Fernando Alonso, Spanish Formula One racing driver and a double World Champion and Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF.
  • 1981 The wedding ceremony of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul’s Cathedral in London was worldwide broadcast. Audience of over 700 million people around the world watched the ceremony.
  • 1980 After the end of the Islamic Revolution Iran adopted its new “holy” flag, that is still used today.
  • 1979 Died: Herbert Marcuse, German sociologist and philosopher, often associated with Frankfurt School of critical theory. His most notable works were Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory, Eros and Civilization, One-Dimensional Man.
  • 1973 Born: Wanya Morris, American singer, best known as a member of the R&B group Boyz II Men
  • 1973 A constitutional referendum on abolishment of monarchy was held in Greece. The proposal was approved by 78.6% of voters, initiating the first period of Metapolitefsi, the transitional period from dictatorship to legislative election and democratic republic.
  • 1967 The city of Caracas, Venezuela, was stricken by an earthquake during celebration of its 400th anniversary of foundation. Approximately 500 died.
  • 1958 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the National Aeronautics and Space Act, thus creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
  • 1948 After 12 years of hiatus caused by World War II, the first Summer Olympic Games (the Games of the XIV Olympiad) were held in London.
  • 1937 Born: Daniel McFadden, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize Laureate for development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice.
  • 1925 Born: Mikis Theodorakis, Greek composer, author of more than 1,000 songs. He wrote music to films Zobra the Greek, Z and Serpico. His is also wrote music for Syrtaki dance, the most popular non-traditional dance in Greece.
  • 1921 Adolf Hitler became the leader of the National Socialist German Working Party. This party became the ruling party in Germany and was disbanded after the end of World War II.
  • 1913 Died: Tobias Asser, Dutch lawyer and jurist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate for his role in the formation of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the first Hague peace conference in 1899.
  • 1905 Born: Clara Bow, American actress, star of silent films era, sex symbol of the 1920s. the role in film It (1927) brought her global fame and the nickname The It Girl.
  • 1900 Died: Umberto I, King of Italy from January, 1878 till his death. During the reign of Umberto I Italy saw a great expansion, gaining territories of Eritrea and Somalia. He was deeply hated by anarchists and killed by one of them.
  • 1900 Born: Eyvind Johnson, Swedish author, member of Swedish Academy and Nobel Prize laureate for a narrative art, far-seeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom.
  • 1898 Born: Isidor Isaac Rabi, Polish-born American physicist and academic. In 1944 he received Nobel Prize award for discovery of nuclear magnetic resonance. His another achievement, is development of magnetron, that is used in microwave radar and microwave ovens.
  • 1895 Died: Floriano Peixoto, Brazilian general and politician, the 2nd President of Brazil. He came to presidency during a difficult period in the history of the country. Despite his unpopularity, he was responsible for the consolidation of the new Republican Government.
  • 1890 Died: Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter of Post-Impressionist period. He completed many best-known paintings, among them Vase with Twelve Sunflowers, The Starry Night and Self-portrait with bandaged ear.
  • 1888 Born: Vladimir Zworykin, Russian-American engineer, known for invention of iconoscope, the first fully electronic system, that replaced earlier cameras. He also played a significant role in development of charge storage-type tubes, infrared image tubes and the electron microscope.
  • 1885 Born: Theda Bara, American actress of silent film era. She was one of the most popular actresses and sex symbol. Her roles of femme fatale earned her a nickname The Vamp. Most of films, that she made, were lost in 1937 in fire, that outbroke in the Fox vault.
  • 1883 Born: Benito Mussolini, Italian journalist and politician, leader of the National Fascist Party and Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943. Mussolini was one of the key figures in the creation of fascism.
  • 1856 Died: Robert Schumann, German composer and critic, widely regarded to be one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era.
  • 1773 Guatemala was stricken by an earthquake magnitude 7.5, numerous aftershocks lasted till December. About 600 people died during the earthquake, many more died during the next months due to starvation and diseases.
  • 1507 Died: Martin Behaim, German-Bohemian geographer and astronomer, nowadays best remembered for Erdapfel, the word’s oldest surviving globe, that he produced for the Imperial City on Nuremberg.
  • 1099 Died: Pope Urban II, best known for initiating the First Crusade and setting up the modern-day Roman Curia in the manner of a royal ecclesiastical court to help run the Church.

This Day in History July 28th

2016 Funeral Of Mr Martin Byrne of Higher Openshaw Manchester England UK

  • 2008 The Grand Pier in Weston-super-Mare, North Somerset, England was badly damaged by fire for the second time in its history.
  • 2005 The IRA Army Council officially announced an end to the Provisional Irish Republican Army campaign in Northern Ireland and England.
  • 2004 Died: Francis Crick, British molecular biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist who was awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1999 Died: Trygve Magnus Haavelmo, Norwegian economist who was awarded the 1989 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
  • 1996 Skeletal remains of a prehistoric Paleoamerican man were found in Kennewick, Washington. These remains are known as Kennewick Man.
  • 1976 Born: Jacoby Shaddix, American musician, singer-songwriter and actor known as the founding member and lead singer of Papa Roach.
  • 1971 Born: Stephen Lynch, American musician, stand-up comedian and actor. He is known for his songs mocking popular culture and daily life.
  • 1968 Died: Otto Hahn, German chemist who was awarded the 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of the fission of heavy nuclei.
  • 1958 Born: Michael Hitchcock, American actor, comedian, producer and screenwriter, three-time Writers Guild of America Awards nominee.
  • 1954 Born: Steve Morse, American musician and composer best known as the founder of the Dixie Dregs and the guitarist of Deep Purple.
  • 1954 Born: Hugo Chávez, Venezuelan politician who served as the President of Venezuela from February 2, 1999 until his death on March 5, 2013.
  • 1945 A B-25 Mitchell bomber crashed into the Empire State Building, killing 14 people. The building’s structural integrity was not compromised.
  • 1942 During WWII, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin issued Order No. 227 famous for its line “Not one step back!”, which became a slogan of resistance.
  • 1938 The Pan American Airways flying boat Hawaii Clipper disappeared in the western Pacific Ocean en route from Guam to Manila.
  • 1925 Born: Baruch Samuel Blumberg, American physician and geneticist who was awarded the 1976 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1919 Born: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (née Bouvier), the First Lady of the United States during the presidency of John F. Kennedy.
  • 1914 The First World War began: the Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war to Serbia a month after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
  • 1909 Born: Aenne Burda (born Anna Magdalene Lemminger), German publisher known for publishing women’s fashion magazines.
  • 1902 Born: Karl Popper, Austrian-British philosopher who is considered to be one of the greatest philosophers of science of the 20th century.
  • 1868 The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was certified, establishing African American citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law.
  • 1866 18 year old sculptor Vinnie Ream received a commission for the full-size marble statue of Abraham Lincoln in the U.S. Capitol rotunda.
  • 1855 USS Constellation was with Captain Charles H. Bell in command. It was the last sail-only warship designed and built by the U.S. Navy.
  • 1836 Died: Nathan Mayer Rothschild, London-based Jewish banker and financier who belonged to the famous Rothschild banking dynasty.
  • 1818 Died: Gaspard Monge, French mathematician best known as the inventor of descriptive geometry and the father of differential geometry.
  • 1804 Born: Ludwig Feuerbach, German philosopher and anthropologist whose best known work is his 1841 book The Essence of Christianity.
  • 1794 Died: Maximilien Robespierre, French lawyer and politician who is regarded as one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution.
  • 1750 Died: Johann Sebastian Bach, German Baroque composer and musician. He is best known for his organ works – preludes, toccatas and fantasias.
  • 1741 Died: Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer of the Baroque period, virtuoso violinist and teacher best known for his instrumental concertos.
  • 1655 Died: Cyrano de Bergerac, French dramatist best known as the title character of the play Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand.
  • 1540 Died: Thomas Cromwell, English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540.

This Day in History July 27th

This Day in History

  • 2012 The opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics took place at the Olympic Stadium, London, UK. It was presided by Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 2003 Died: Bob Hope, English-born American actor, singer, dancer, comedian, athlete and writer, whose career spanned over eight decades.
  • 1996 A terrorist bomb attack occurred in Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta, Georgia during the 1966 Summer Olympics. Two people died.
  • 1995 Died: Rick Ferrell, American professional baseball player, coach, scout and executive. He played 18 seasons on Major League Baseball.
  • 1990 The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union by issuing the Declaration of State Sovereignty.
  • 1984 Died: James Mason, English actor known for his numerous roles in Hollywood. He starred in The Desert Fox, Lolita, Julius Caesar, etc.
  • 1983 Fifty-three prisoners were killed inside the Welkada Prison during the Black July pogrom against Sri Lankan Tamil minority in Colombo.
  • 1981 Died: William Wyler, American film director, screenwriter and producer whose notable works include The Best Years of Our Lives and Ben-Hur.
  • 1980 Died: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran from September 1941 until February 1979, when he was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution.
  • 1977 Born: Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Irish actor and producer best known in for his roles in Velvet Goldmine, Mission Impossible III, Match Point.
  • 1973 Born: Cassandra Clare (pen name of Judith Rumelt), American writer best known for her bestselling series The Mortal Instruments.
  • 1970 Born: Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Danish actor, producer and screenwriter best known for his role as Jaime Lannister in Game of Thrones.
  • 1955 The Allied occupation of Austria ended, when the Austrian State Treaty came into force, re-establishing Austria as a sovereign state.
  • 1949 The de Havilland DH 106 Comet (the Comet 1 prototype) made its first flight. DH 106 Comet was the first production commercial jetliner.
  • 1948 Born: Peggy Fleming, American figure skater and sports commentator. She is the 1968 Olympic Champion in Ladies’ singles.
  • 1946 Died: Gertrude Stein, American writer, poet and playwright. Her best known works include Fernhurst, Three Lives, The Making of Americans.
  • 1940 The animated short film A Wild Hare was released. Many film historians consider it to be the first “official’ Bugs Bunny cartoon.
  • 1938 Born: Gary Gygax, American writer and game designer best known as the co-creator of the pioneering tabletop RPG Dungeons & Dragons.
  • 1929 The Geneva Convention was signed. This version of the Geneva Conventions covered the treatment of prisoners of war during WWII.
  • 1921 Born: Garry Davis, American pilot and international piece activist primarily remembered for creating the so-called World Passport.
  • 1917 Died: Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss physician and medical researcher who was awarded the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1882 Born: Geoffrey de Havilland, British aviation pioneer and aircraft engineer known as the founder of de Havilland Aircraft Company Limited.
  • 1881 Born: Hans Fischer, German organic chemist who was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his synthesis of haemlin.
  • 1844 Died: John Dalton, English chemist, physicist and meteorologist best known for his research into color blindness, also known as Daltonism.
  • 1841 Died: Mikhail Lermontov, Russian Romantic writer, poet, and dramatist who is regarded as the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism.
  • 1824 Born: Alexandre Dumas, fils, French writer and dramatist best known for his novel The Lady of the Camellias, also known as Camille.
  • 1794 During the French Revolution, a revolt against against the leadership of the Jacobin Club over the Committee of Public Safety occurred.
  • 1768 Born: Charlotte Corday, French noblewoman known for the assassination of Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat during the French Revolution.
  • 1759 Died: Pierre Louis Maupertuis, French mathematician, philosopher and man of letters known for inventing the principle of least action.
  • 1694 The Bank of England was officially established. It is the second oldest central bank in the world, after the Sveriges Riksbank.
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