This Day in History August 1st


This Day in History

  • 2009 A shooting occurred at the Tel Aviv branch of the Israeli LGBT Association. Two people were killed, and at least fifteen were injured.
  • 2009 Died: Corazon Aquino, Philippine politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines. She was the first female president in Asia.
  • 2008 Eleven mountaineers from international expeditions died while ascending K2, the world’s second-highest mountain, after Mount Everest.
  • 2004 A disastrous fire occurred at the Ycuá Bolaños V supermarket in Asunción, Paraguay. The final death toll was 394, including nine missing.
  • 1997 Died: Sviatoslav Richter, Soviet pianist known for his virtuoso technique. He considered to be one of the greatest pianists of the 20th century.
  • 1996 Died: Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish chemist residing in Switzerland who was awarded the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1988 Born: Max Carver, American actor best known for his role as Aiden on Teen Wolf. His twin brother Charlie Carver was born on July 31.
  • 1981 The American television channel MTV was launched. The first music video shown on MTV was The Buggles’ “Video Killed the Radio Star”.
  • 1977 Died: Francis Gary Powers, American pilot whose CIA U-2 spy plane was shot down during a reconnaissance mission over USSR airspace.
  • 1976 Born: Don Hertzfeldt, American author, animator and independent filmmaker whose animated films have received over 200 awards.
  • 1975 The Helsinki Accords (also known as Helsinki Declaration) was signed at the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe.
  • 1970 Died: Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physiologist and physician who was awarded the 1931 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1967 Died: Richard Kuhn, Austrian-German biochemist who was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on carotenoids and vitamins.
  • 1966 American student Charles Whitman killed 16 people and wounded 32 others in a spree shooting at the University of Texas at Austin.
  • 1965 Born: Sam Mendes, English film and stage director. In 1999, he became the sixth director to earn the Academy Award for his feature film debut.
  • 1945 Born: Douglas Osheroff, American physicist who was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics, along with Robert C. Richardson and David Lee.
  • 1944 During the Second World War, the Warsaw Uprising against the Nazi occupation began. It was organized by the Polish resistance Home Army.
  • 1943 Died: Lydia Litvyak, fighter pilot of the Soviet Air Force during the Second World War. She was the first female pilot to earn fighter ace.
  • 1936 Born: Yves Saint Laurent, Algerian-born French fashion designer who is regarded as one of the most prominent figures in fashion history.
  • 1914 The German Empire declared war on the Russian Empire at the opening of the First World War. The Swiss Army began to mobilize.
  • 1885 Born: George de Hevesy, German and Hungarian radiochemist who was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on tracers.
  • 1834 The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 came into force, abolishing slavery in the British Empire. In practical terms, only slaves below the age of 6 were freed.
  • 1819 Born: Herman Melville, American novelist, short story writer and poet best known for his novel Moby-Dick which was first published in 1851.
  • 1818 Born: Maria Mitchell, American astronomer who discovered the comet C/1847 T1 which was named after her (Miss Mitchell’s Comet).
  • 1779 Born: Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and poet best known for writing the lyrics to the U.S. anthem The Star-Spangled Banner.
  • 1774 English chemist Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen, having isolated it in its gaseous state. He called the new substance “dephlogisticated air”.
  • 1774 Born: Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist. He is best known as the developer of the first full-fledged evolutionary scheme.
  • 1714 Died: Anne, Queen of Great Britain. During her reign, the kingdoms of England and Scotland united as a single sovereign state (1707).
  • 1464 Died: Cosimo de’ Medici, the first of the famous Medici political dynasty, de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance.
  • 1137 Died: Louis VI of France, called the Fat, King of the Franks from 1108 until his death. He was the fifth monarch of the Capetian dynasty.
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