This Day in History July 27th

This Day in History

  • 2012 The opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics took place at the Olympic Stadium, London, UK. It was presided by Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 2003 Died: Bob Hope, English-born American actor, singer, dancer, comedian, athlete and writer, whose career spanned over eight decades.
  • 1996 A terrorist bomb attack occurred in Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta, Georgia during the 1966 Summer Olympics. Two people died.
  • 1995 Died: Rick Ferrell, American professional baseball player, coach, scout and executive. He played 18 seasons on Major League Baseball.
  • 1990 The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union by issuing the Declaration of State Sovereignty.
  • 1984 Died: James Mason, English actor known for his numerous roles in Hollywood. He starred in The Desert Fox, Lolita, Julius Caesar, etc.
  • 1983 Fifty-three prisoners were killed inside the Welkada Prison during the Black July pogrom against Sri Lankan Tamil minority in Colombo.
  • 1981 Died: William Wyler, American film director, screenwriter and producer whose notable works include The Best Years of Our Lives and Ben-Hur.
  • 1980 Died: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran from September 1941 until February 1979, when he was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution.
  • 1977 Born: Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Irish actor and producer best known in for his roles in Velvet Goldmine, Mission Impossible III, Match Point.
  • 1973 Born: Cassandra Clare (pen name of Judith Rumelt), American writer best known for her bestselling series The Mortal Instruments.
  • 1970 Born: Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Danish actor, producer and screenwriter best known for his role as Jaime Lannister in Game of Thrones.
  • 1955 The Allied occupation of Austria ended, when the Austrian State Treaty came into force, re-establishing Austria as a sovereign state.
  • 1949 The de Havilland DH 106 Comet (the Comet 1 prototype) made its first flight. DH 106 Comet was the first production commercial jetliner.
  • 1948 Born: Peggy Fleming, American figure skater and sports commentator. She is the 1968 Olympic Champion in Ladies’ singles.
  • 1946 Died: Gertrude Stein, American writer, poet and playwright. Her best known works include Fernhurst, Three Lives, The Making of Americans.
  • 1940 The animated short film A Wild Hare was released. Many film historians consider it to be the first “official’ Bugs Bunny cartoon.
  • 1938 Born: Gary Gygax, American writer and game designer best known as the co-creator of the pioneering tabletop RPG Dungeons & Dragons.
  • 1929 The Geneva Convention was signed. This version of the Geneva Conventions covered the treatment of prisoners of war during WWII.
  • 1921 Born: Garry Davis, American pilot and international piece activist primarily remembered for creating the so-called World Passport.
  • 1917 Died: Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss physician and medical researcher who was awarded the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1882 Born: Geoffrey de Havilland, British aviation pioneer and aircraft engineer known as the founder of de Havilland Aircraft Company Limited.
  • 1881 Born: Hans Fischer, German organic chemist who was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his synthesis of haemlin.
  • 1844 Died: John Dalton, English chemist, physicist and meteorologist best known for his research into color blindness, also known as Daltonism.
  • 1841 Died: Mikhail Lermontov, Russian Romantic writer, poet, and dramatist who is regarded as the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism.
  • 1824 Born: Alexandre Dumas, fils, French writer and dramatist best known for his novel The Lady of the Camellias, also known as Camille.
  • 1794 During the French Revolution, a revolt against against the leadership of the Jacobin Club over the Committee of Public Safety occurred.
  • 1768 Born: Charlotte Corday, French noblewoman known for the assassination of Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat during the French Revolution.
  • 1759 Died: Pierre Louis Maupertuis, French mathematician, philosopher and man of letters known for inventing the principle of least action.
  • 1694 The Bank of England was officially established. It is the second oldest central bank in the world, after the Sveriges Riksbank.
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