This Day in History

This day in History

This Day in History

  • 2010 One of the largest leaks in military history of the USA: WikiLeaks published classified documents about the War in Afghanistan. Most of the documents were classified secret.
  • 2008 Died: Tracy Hall, American chemist and academic, the first person who grew a synthetic diamond according to a reproductive, verifiable and witnessed process, using a press of his own design.
  • 2003 Died: John Schlesinger, English-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, winner of Academy Award for Best Director. He is best known for films Midnight Cowboy, Darling and Sunday Bloody Sunday.
  • 1994 Israel and Jordan signed the Washington Declaration, that formally ended the state of war, existing between two nations since 1948.
  • 1985 Born: James Lafferty, American actor and producer, best known for portrayal of Nathan Scott on the CW TV series One Tree Hill.
  • 1984 Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to perform a space walk. She is the second woman in space, after another Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova.
  • 1978 Born: Louise Brown, English woman, known as the first human who was born after conception by in vitro fertilization.
  • 1976 Spacecraft Viking 1 took the photo of Cydonia, a region on Mars. The photo of Cydonia attracted scientific and popular interest due to an appearance of a humanoid face on the surface. This image is now known as the Face of Mars.
  • 1967 Born: Matt LeBlanc, American actor and producer, best remembered for role on NBC sitcom Friends, where he played Joey Tribbiani.
  • 1966 Died: Frank O’Hara, American poet and critic, a prominent person in New York City’s art world. He is regarded as the leading figure in the New York School, an informal group of artists, musicians and writers, who drew inspiration from jazz, abstract expressionism, surrealism, action painting and avant-garde art movements.
  • 1956 The Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collided with the MS Stockholm, Portuguese cruise ship, in heavy fog 45 miles south of Nantucket Island. The liner sank the next day, 51 died.
  • 1955 Born: Iman Mohamed Abdulmajid, professionally known as Iman, Somalian-English model and actress. She pioneered use of ethnic cosmetics and noted for her charitable work. Iman is wife of David Bowie.
  • 1946 An atomic bomb was detonated underwater in the lagoon of Bikini Atoll. This explosion was one of the series of explosions codenamed Operation Crossroads, aimed at investigation of the effect of nuclear weapons on warships.
  • 1934 Born: Claude Zidi, French director and screenwriter, known for his burlesque comedies. He is best known for film My New Partner, that brought him two César Awards for Best Film and Best Director.
  • 1920 Born: Rosalind Franklin, English biophysicist, chemist, and academic. She is remembered for her critical contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA, viruses, coal and graphite. Her work on DNA achieved the most profound impact.
  • 1909 French inventor Louis Blériot became the first person to fly across the English Channel in a heavier-than-air machine from Calais to Dover. The trip took 37 minutes.
  • 1905 Born: Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-Swiss author and playwright. He was awarded with Nobel Prize in Literature in 1981 for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power.
  • 1894 Born: Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was a pretext for Austria-Hungary’s invasion of Serbia, that later led to World War I.
  • 1866 Died: Floride Calhoun, American wife of John C. Calhoun, prominent American politician John C. Calhoun. She was involved in a social scandal, known as the Petticoat affair, which damaged already-strained relations between Vice President Calhoun and President Andrew Jackson.
  • 1865 Died: James Barry, English soldier and surgeon. After his death it turned out, that Barry was a woman, whose name was Margaret Ann Bulkley.
  • 1844 Born: Davidson Black, Canadian paleoanthropologist. He is best known for heading the excavations, that found the remnants of early humans named Sinanthropus pekinensis (now Homo erectus pekinensis).
  • 1844 Born: Thomas Eakins, American painter, sculptor, and photographer, widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in American art history.
  • 1843 Died: Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and engineer, inventor of waterproof fabrics. The Mackintosh raincoat is named after him.
  • 1842 Died: Dominique Jean Larrey, French physician and surgeon, remembered today for innovations in battlefield medicine. He modified and improved the organization of field hospitals, creating the forerunner of the modern MASH units.
  • 1837 William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone successfully demonstrated the first commercial use of an electric telegraph between Euston and Camden Town in London.
  • 1834 Died: Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English philosopher, poet, and critic, the founder of the Romantic Movement in England and member of the Lake Poets.
  • 1794 Died: André Chénier, Greek-French poet, victim of the French Revolution, accused for crimes against the state. His sensual, emotive poetry marked him as one of the precursors of the Romantic movement.
  • 1790 Died: Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educator and reformer, the founder of the Philanthropinum, the short-lived but very influential progressive school in Dessau. He is known for reformation of schools, common methods of instruction and establishment of an institute for qualifying teachers.
  • 1603 James VI of Scotland was crowned king of England, thus bringing the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland into personal union. Political union would be achieved only a century later.
  • 1593 Henry IV of France publicly converted from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism. In 1589 he gave religious liberties to Protestants, thereby ending the Wars of Religion.

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