This Day in History July 24th

This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: Garry Davis, American pilot and international peace activist primarily remembered for creating the so-called World Passport.
  • 2001 Former King of Bulgaria Simeon Borisov Saxe-Coburg-Gotha gave an oath as Prime Minister of Bulgaria. He was in office until 2005.
  • 1998 Russell Eugene Weston, Jr., entered the Capitol and opened fire, killing two police officers. He was ruled to be incompetent to stand trial.
  • 1997 Died: William J. Brennan, Jr., American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court for over 30 years.
  • 1995 Died: George Rodger, British photojournalist best known for his work in Africa and for his photos from Bergen-Belsen at the end of WWII.
  • 1991 Died: Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Jewish-American author who wrote in Yiddish. He was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 1986 Died: Fritz Albert Lipmann, German-American biochemist who was awarded the 1953 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, sharing it with Hans Adolf Krebs.
  • 1982 Born: Anna Paquin, Canadian-born New Zelandian actress. She is the second youngest winner in the history of the Academy Awards.
  • 1981 Born: Summer Glau, American actress best known for her roles as River Tam on the TV series Firefly and Isabel Rochev on Arrow.
  • 1980 Died: Peter Sellers, British actor, singer and comedian known for his role as Chief Inspector Clouseau in The Pink Panther film series.
  • 1974 Died: James Chadwick, English physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering the neutron three years earlier.
  • 1969 Apollo 11 landed in the Pacific Ocean. It was the spaceflight that landed the first humans on the Moon, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.
  • 1969 Born: Jennifer Lopez, also known as J. Lo, famous American actress, singer, songwriter, dancer, producer, author and fashion designer.
  • 1968 Born: Kristin Chenoweth, American actress and singer who is best known for originating the role of Glinda in the Broadway musical Wicked.
  • 1959 Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev had the so-called Kitchen Debate at the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow.
  • 1950 Bumper 8 became the first ever rocket to be launched from Cape Canaveral. It was followed by Bumper 7 that was launched on July 29.
  • 1943 During WWII, the Allies launched Operation Gomorrah, also known as the Battle of Hamburg. British official later called it the Hiroshima of Germany.
  • 1942 Born: Chris Sarandon, American actor best known for playing Prince Humperdinck in The Princess Bride and Jerry Dandrige in Fright Night.
  • 1927 Died: Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer considered to be the “father of the Japanese short story”. He committed suicide at age 35.
  • 1923 The Treaty of Lausanne was signed between Turkey and Allies of World War I. It established Turkish sovereignty within its new borders.
  • 1921 Born: Billy Taylor, American jazz pianist, composer, broadcast and educator regarded as the world’s foremost spokesman for jazz.
  • 1864 The Second Battle of Kernstown was fought during the American Civil War. It resulted in the victory of Confederates led by Jubal Early.
  • 1862 Died: Martin Van Buren, American politician and statesman who served as the 8th President of the United States (from 1837 to 1841).
  • 1860 Born: Alphonse (Alsons) Mucha, Czech Art Nouveau painter, decorative artist and illustrator well known for his unique, distinct style.
  • 1857 Born: Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish realist writer who was awarded the 1917 Nobel Prize for Literature, sharing it with Karl Gjellerup.
  • 1847 Mormon pioneers led by Brigham Young founded Salt Lake City. Nowadays, it is the capital and the most populous city in the state of Utah.
  • 1803 Born: Adolphe Adam, prolific French composer and music critic best known for his operas and ballets, such as Giselle and Le corsaire.
  • 1802 Born: Alexandre Dumas, French writer whose best known historical novels include The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers.
  • 1739 Died: Benedetto Marcello, Italian composer, writer, lawyer, teacher. As a composer, he is best known for his Estro poetico-armonico.
  • 1701 French explorer and adventurer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe founded a trading post that would become the city of Detroit, Michigan.

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