This Day in History July 23rd

  • 2014 The opening ceremony of the XX Commonwealth Games took place in Glasgow, Scotland. It was officially presided by Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 2012 Died: Sally Ride, American physicist an astronaut. In 1978, she became the 1st American female astronaut and the 2nd woman in space.
  • 2011 Died: Amy Winehouse, English singer and songwriter known for her deep vocals and her eclectic mix of various musical genres.
  • 1999 Died: Hassan II, King of Marocco from 1961 until his death. His conservative rule was characterized by human rights violations.
  • 1992 The Republic of Abkhazia declared its independence from Georgia. The majority of countries of the world do not recognize its independence.
  • 1989 Born: Daniel Radcliffe, English actor of stage and screen who is best known for playing the title character in the Harry Potter film series.
  • 1988 1st Chairman of the Burma Socialist Programme Party Ne Win resigned duet pro-democracy protests after ruling Burma since 1962.
  • 1984 Miss America 1984 Vanessa Williams publicly resigned after it had become known that her nude photos would be published in Penthouse.
  • 1983 Air Canada Flight 143 successfully landed at Gimli Industrial Park Airport after having run out of fuel at an altitude of 41,000 feet (12,000 m).
  • 1983 13 of 15 members of the Sri Lankan Army patrol Four Four Bravo were ambushed and killed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
  • 1982 Born: Paul Wesley, American actor, director and producer best known for his multiple roles in the television series The Vampire Diaries.
  • 1973 Born: Monica Lewinsky, former White House intern famous for her affair with President Bill Clinton known as the Lewinsky scandal.
  • 1970 Born: Charisma Carpenter, American actress best known for playing Cordelia Chase in the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel.
  • 1968 Died: Henry Hallett Dale, English physiologist and pharmacologist who was awarded the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1967 Born: Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor, producer and director best known for his numerous supporting and character roles.
  • 1966 Died: Montgomery Clift, American actor of stage and screen who was one of the original method actors in Hollywood, along with James Dean.
  • 1961 Born: Woody Harrelson, American actor, film director, playwright and activist whose breakout role was Woody Boyd in the sitcom Cheers.
  • 1952 The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was created when the 1951 Treaty of Paris came into force. The Treaty expired in 2002.
  • 1926 Died: Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter who specialized in historical and mythological subjects. One of his best known paintings is Bogatyrs.
  • 1918 Born: Pee Wee Reese, renowned American professional baseball player who was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1984.
  • 1916 Died: William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who was awarded the 1904 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of the noble (inert) gases.
  • 1906 Born: Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss organic chemist who was awarded the 1975 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, sharing it with John Cornforth.
  • 1892 Born: Haile Selassie I (born Tafari Makonnen Woldemikael), regent of Ethiopia from 1916 to 1930 and Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974.
  • 1885 Died: Ulysses S. Grant, American general and politician who served as the 18th President of the United States for two consecutive terms.
  • 1884 Born: Emil Jannings, Swiss-born German actor and producer. In 1928, he became the first actor to win the Academy Award for Best Actor.
  • 1881 The International (then European) Federation of Gymnastics was created. It is the oldest existing international sports organization in the world.
  • 1881 Argentina and Chile signed the Boundary Treaty of 1881, aimed at establishing a precise and exact borderline between the two countries.
  • 1875 Died: Isaac Singer, American inventor and entrepreneur primarily remembered for founding the Singer Sewing Machine Company.
  • 1840 The British Parliament passed the Act of Union 1840, creating the Province of Canada. The province was officially proclaimed in 1841.
  • 1757 Died: Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer whose music was influential in the development of the Baroque and Classical styles.

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