This Day in History July 18th

This Day in History

  • 2013 The city of Detroit, Michigan filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy. It is the largest municipal bankruptcy in the history of the United States.
  • 2012 Died: Yosef Shalom Eliashiv, Haredi rabbi and arbiter of Jewish law (posek). He was the leader of the Lithuanian-Haredi community.
  • 1995 Died: Srinagarindra (born Sangwan Talapat), member of the Thai Royal Family, Princess Mother of Thailand, mother of Kings Rama VIII and IX.
  • 1988 Died: Nico (born Christa Päffgen), German singer-songwriter, musician, model and actress who became famous as a Warhol Superstar.
  • 1986 James Cameron’s science-fiction action horror film Aliens was released. It is the sequel to the 1979 film Alien directed by Ridley Scott.
  • 1984 A mass shooting occurred in and around a McDonald’s restaurant in San Diego, California. 21 people were killed and 19 others were injured.
  • 1982 Died: Roman Jakobson, Russian-American linguist and literary theorist best known for his contribution to the structural analysis of language.
  • 1980 Born: Kristen Bell, American actress and singer who gained critical acclaim for playing the title character on the TV series Veronica Mars.
  • 1976 Born: Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress, model and film producer best known for her role as Elena Neves in Fast Five and Fast & Furious 6.
  • 1968 Gordon E. Moore and Robert Noyce founded Intel Corporation in Mountain View, California. “Intel” stands for Integrated Electronics.
  • 1968 Died: Corneille Jean François Heymans, Flemish physiologist who was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1967 Born: Vin Diesel, American actor and filmmaker known for his roles in The Chronicles of Riddick trilogy and in The Fast and the Furious series.
  • 1963 Born: Marc Girardelli, former alpine ski racer who excelled in five discipline. He was born in Austria, but raced for Luxembourg.
  • 1962 Ricardo Pérez Godoy launched a coup d’état in Peru and headed a military junta until March 1963, when he was overthrown by Nicolás Lindley.
  • 1950 Born: Richard Branson, English businessman and investor best known as he founder of Virgin Group, which comprises over 400 companies.
  • 1941 Born: Frank Farian (born Franz Reuther), German record producer and songwriter, best known as the founder of the group Boney M.
  • 1938 Born: Paul Verhoeven, Dutch film director, screenwriter, and producer best known for his films RoboCop, Total Recall, Starship Troopers and Basic Instinct.
  • 1925 Adolf Hitler published the first volume of Mein Kampf, autobiographical manifesto in which he outlined his future plans for Germany.
  • 1921 The BCG vaccine (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) was first used in humans. The main use of BCG is for vaccination against tuberculosis.
  • 1890 Died: Lydia Becker, British suffragette and amateur scientist. She is best known for founding and publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal.
  • 1872 Died: Benito Juárez, Mexican layer and politician who served as the president of Mexico for five terms. He is regarded as the country’s national hero.
  • 1870 The First Vatican Council decreed the dogma of papal infallibility. It states that the Pope is preserved from the possibility of error.
  • 1862 W. Wigram, J. Croz and J. Konig became the first people to reach the summit of the Dent Blanche, one of the highest peaks in the Alps.
  • 1853 Born: Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Dutch physicist who was awarded the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics, sharing it with Pieter Zeeman.
  • 1821 Born: Pauline Viardot (née García), leading 19th century French mezzo-soprano, pedagogue, and composer of Spanish descent.
  • 1817 Died: Jane Austen, English novelist whose best known works include Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park and Emma.
  • 1811 Born: William Makepeace Thackeray, English novelist famous for his satirical works, particularly Vanity Fair that satirizes society in early 19th-century Britain.
  • 1721 Died: Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter whose best known works include The Embarkation for Cythera and Pleasures of Love.
  • 1610 Died: Caravaggio, Italian painter whose work had a formative influence on Baroque painting. One of his best known works is Boy with a Basket of Fruit.
  • 1290 King Edward I of England issued the Edict of Expulsion, expelling all Jews from England. Jews were permitted to return in 1657 by Oliver Cromwell.

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