This Day in History July 16th

  • 2014 Died: Karl Albrecht, German businessman, co-founder with his brother Theo the chain of supermarkets Aldi. The chain covers over 9,000 stores in 18 countries around the world.
  • 2012 Died: Jon Lord, English keyboard player and songwriter, best known for pioneering work in fusing rock with classical or baroque forms. He founded Deep Purple and lead it till 1970.
  • 2012 Died: Stephen Covey, American businessman, educator and author, best known for books The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, The 8th Habit and The Leader in Me.
  • 2008 The milk scandal in China: infants in Gansu Province were diagnosed with kidney stones, caused by tainted milk powder. In total an estimated 300,000 infants were affected by this milk. 6 infants died from kidney stones and other kidney damage, about 54,000 were hospitalized.
  • 1999 Died: John F. Kennedy Jr., American lawyer and publisher, the only surviving son of President John F. Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy.
  • 1994 Died: Julian Schwinger, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. He is best known for developing a relativistically invariant perturbation theory.
  • 1990 The cities of Benguet, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, La Union, Aurora, Bataan, Zambales and Tarlac, the Philippines were stricken by the Luzon Earthquake magnitude 7.7. An estimated 1,621 people were killed.
  • 1985 Died: Heinrich Böll, German author. Böll was one of Germany’s foremost post WWII writers and was awarded with Nobel Prize in 1972.
  • 1985 Died: Wayne King, American saxophonist, songwriter, and bandleader, sometimes referred to as the Waltz King because much of his most popular music works involved waltzes.
  • 1979 Saddam Hussein replaced former Iraqi President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, becoming its 5th President. He served from 1979 to 2006.
  • 1968 Born: Larry Sanger, American Internet project developer, known as the co-founder of Wikipedia and founder of Citizendium.
  • 1967 Born: Will Ferrell, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. He rose to fame during the mid 1990s as a cast member of the NBC sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live. He is one of the leading Hollywood comic actors, along with Ben Stiller, Jack Black and Steve Carrel.
  • 1965 The Mont Blanc Tunnel, linking France and Italy was opened. The length of the tunnel is 11.611 km (7.215 mi) and it’s one of the major trans-Alpine transport routes.
  • 1963 Born: Phoebe Cates, America actress, model, entrepreneur, best known for her roles in several teen films, such as Gremlins and Fast Times at Ridgemont High.
  • 1951 The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger was published for the first time by Little, Brown and Company.
  • 1948 The first aircraft hijacking of the commercial plane in history: the cockpit of the Miss Macao passenger seaplane was stormed in the Pearl River Delta. The lone survivor was Huang Yu, the leader of the hijacking plot.
  • 1945 Manhattan Project: the USA successfully detonated a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon near Alamogordo, New Mexico. The test marked the beginning of the Atomic Age.
  • 1942 13,152 Jews were arrested under the order of the government of Vichy France. Jews were held at the Winter Velodrome in Paris before deportation to Auschwitz.
  • 1928 Born: Robert Sheckley, American writer, famous for quick-witted stories and novels. He was nominated for Hugo and Nebula awards and was named Author Emeritus by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America.
  • 1926 Born: Irwin Rose, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate for discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.
  • 1907 Born: Barbara Stanwyck, American actress and singer, whose career spanned during 60 years. She filmed in 85 films in Hollywood before turned to television.
  • 1896 Died: Edmond de Goncourt, French critic and publisher, founder of the Académie Goncourt. Many of his most famous works were created in collaboration with his brother Jules. The Prix Goncourt award was established in his honor.
  • 1896 Born: Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician. He served as the 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1940 to 1945.
  • 1888 Born: Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for the invention of the phase contrast microscope. This instrument allows the study of internal cell structure without killing the cell.
  • 1882 Died: Mary Todd Lincoln, wife of Abraham Lincoln, First Lady of the United States from 1861 to 1865. Mary supported her husband throughout his presidency and witnessed his fatal shooting at Ford’s Theater in Washington.
  • 1872 Born: Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer, leader of Antarctic expedition, that was first to reach the South Pole, and leader of expedition, that was first recognized without a dispute to have reached the North Pole.
  • 1747 Died: Giuseppe Crespi, Italian painter of late Baroque period, representative of the Bolognese School. He is best known for series of canvas The Seven Sacraments.
  • 1723 Born: Joshua Reynolds, English painter, influential figure in the 18th-century English painting. He founded the Royal Academy and was it’s first president.
  • 1661 The Swedish bank Stockholms Banco issued the first banknotes in Europe.
  • 1054 Three Roman legates broke relations between Western and Eastern Christian Churches through the act of placing an invalidly-issued Papal bull of Excommunication on the altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. This event is very often described as the start of the East–West Schism.

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