This Day in History July 13th


 

  • 2013 George Zimmerman was found not guilty in the shooting of Trayvon Martin. In many cities, protests in support of the Martin family occurred.
  • 2013 Died: Cory Monteith, Canadian actor and musician best known for his role as Finn Hudson on the Fox television series Glee.
  • 2004 Died: Carlos Kleiber, German-born Austrian conductor who is considered to be one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century.
  • 1988 Born: Colton Haynes, American actor and model best known for his roles as Jackson Whittemore in Teen Wolf and Roy Harper in Arrow.
  • 1985 Vice President George H. W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan had to undergo surgery.
  • 1980 Died: Seretse Khama, statesman and politician from Botswana who served as the first President of Botswana from 1966 until his death.
  • 1974 Died: Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett, English experimental physicist who was awarded the 1948 Nobel Prize in Physics.
  • 1967 Born: Benny Benassi, Italian DJ and record producer. He is best known for his 2002 club hit Satiscation which was Benassi’s debut single.
  • 1962 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan dismissed one-third of his Cabinet. This Cabinet reshuffle is known as the Night of the Long Knives.
  • 1956 In Haifa, Israel, construction of an underground funicular railway began. It was named the Carmelit after Mount Carmel through which it runs.
  • 1954 Died: Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter best known for her self-portraits. Mexican culture and Amerindian cultural tradition are important in her work.
  • 1950 Born: George Nelson, American physicist, science education, astronomer and astronaut. He spent 17 days 2 hours and 43 minutes in space.
  • 1945 Died: Alla Nazimova, Russian-American actress, screenwriter and film producer considered the great exponent of Ibsen on Broadway.
  • 1942 Born: Harrison Ford, American actor and film producer best known for playing Han Solo in Star Wars and the title character of the Indiana Jones film series.
  • 1941 The Communist Party of Yugoslavia initiated a popular uprising in Montenegro against Italian occupation forces. It was suppressed within six weeks.
  • 1940 Born: Sir Patrick Stewart, English actor best known for his roles as Captain Jean-Luc Picard in Star Trek and Professor Charles Xavier in the X-Men film series.
  • 1930 The inaugural FIFA World Cup began in Uruguay. In the final, Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2 and became the first nation to win the World Cup.
  • 1930 Born: Naomi Shemer, Israeli musician and songwriter. Her song Jerusalem of Gold is considered to be the unofficial anthem of Israel.
  • 1928 Born: Bob Crane, American actor, drummer, disc jockey and radio host best known for playing Colonel Robert E. Hogan in Hogan’s Heroes.
  • 1924 Died: Alfred Marshall, English economist regarded as one of the most influential economists of his time. His best known work is Principles of Economics.
  • 1923 The Hollywood Sign (originally the Hollywoodland Sign) was officially dedicated. Its purpose was to advertise the name of a new housing development.
  • 1921 Died: Gabriel Lippmann, Franco-Luxembourgish physicist who was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physics for his input to color photography.
  • 1919 The British R33-class airship R34 became the first return Atlantic crossing. It was commanded by Major George Herbert Scott.
  • 1878 The UK, France, Austro-Hungary, Germany, Russia, Italy and the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Berlin for the Settlement of the Affairs of the East.
  • 1870 Otto von Bismarck released the Ems Dispatch that incited France to declare the Franco-Prussian War. The name referred to the resort of Bad Ems.
  • 1841 Born: Otto Wagner, Austrian architect and urban planner. Wagner made lasting impact on the appearance of his home town Vienna.
  • 1793 Died: Jean-Paul Marat, French physician, scientist, radical journalist and politician best known for his career during the French Revolution.
  • 1793 Born: John Clare, English poet whose best known work is Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery. He was known as “peasant poet”.
  • 1762 Died: James Bradley, English astronomer who is best known for discovering the aberration of light and the nutation of the Earth’s axis.
  • 1527 Born: John Dee, English astronomer, astrologer, occult philosopher, mathematician, imperialist and adviser to Queen Elizabeth I.
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