This Day in History

  • 2013 A coup d’etat took pace in Egypt. President Mohamed Morsi was ousted by a coalition led by the Egyptian army chief General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
  • 2010 Died: Abu Daoud (nom de guerre of Mohammad Daoud Oudeh), Palestinian terrorist known as the planner of the 1972 Munich massacre.
  • 1996 It was announced in the House of Commons that the Stone of Scone, also known as the Stone of Destiny, would be returned to Scotland.
  • 1988 Iran Air Flight 655 was shot down by the United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes. All 290 people on board were killed.
  • 1980 Born: Olivia Munn, American actress, model, television personality and author known for her roles in Iron Man 2, Magic Mike, Mortdecai etc.
  • 1971 Died: Jim Morrison, American musician, singer, songwriter, poet, filmmaker, director and actor best known as the lead vocalist of the Doors.
  • 1971 Born: Julian Assange, Australian journalist, publisher and hacker best known as the co-founder and editor-in-chief of the website WikiLeaks.
  • 1970 The Falls Curfew, also known as the Battle of the Falls, began in Belfast, Northern Ireland. It was a British Army operation during the Troubles.
  • 1969 Died: Brian Jones, English musician, songwriter, composer, record producer best known as the founder and original leader of the Rolling Stones.
  • 1962 Born: Tom Cruise, American actor and filmmaker who is known for his roles in Top Gun, the Mission: Impossible film series, Vanilla Sky, Oblivion etc.
  • 1953 Hermann Buhl became the first person to ascend Nanga Parbat, the ninth highest mountain in the world (solo and without bottled oxygen).
  • 1952 The United States Congress and the President approved the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, ratified 3 months earlier.
  • 1937 Died: Jacob Schick, American entrepreneur and inventor primarily remembered for patenting and manufacturing the first electric razor.
  • 1937 Born: Tom Stoppard (born Tomáš Straussler), Czech-born British playwright. One of his best known works is Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead.
  • 1935 Died: André-Gustave Citroën, French industrialist who is remembered for founding the mass-production car company named after him.
  • 1928 Born: Evelyn Anthony (pen name of Evelyn Ward-Thomas), British writer whose best known work is the 1971 novel the Tamarind Seed.
  • 1908 Died: Joel Chandler Harris, American journalist, author and folklorist best know for his collection of Uncle Remus stories published in 1881.
  • 1904 Died: Theodor Herzl (born Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl) Austro-Hungarian journalist and political activist, one of the founders of modern political Zionism.
  • 1888 Died: Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, Vietnamese poet remembered for his nationalist writings against the French colonization of South Vietnam.
  • 1886 Karl Benz officially unveiled the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, the first vehicle designed to be propelled by an internal combustion engine.
  • 1883 Born: Franz Kafka, German-language novelist and short-story writer who is considered to be one of the most influential authors of the 20th century.
  • 1860 Born: Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, sociologist, author, editor, lecturer and social reformer. She was a utopian feminist.
  • 1850 Born: Alfredo Keil, Portuguese romantic composer and painter best known for composing the music of A Portuguesa, the national anthem of Portugal.
  • 1809 Died: Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer, poet, and playwright who created the first Canadian opera, Colas et Colinette.
  • 1778 The Wyoming Massacre, also known as the Battle of Wyoming, occurred during the American Revolutionary War. More than 300 Patriots were killed.
  • 1728 Born: Robert Adam, Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. He developed the so-called Adam style.
  • 1642 Died: Marie de’ Medici, Queen consort of France and Navarre from 1600 to 1610. She was the second wife of King Henry IV of France.
  • 1608 French navigator and explorer Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec City. It is one of the oldest European settlements in North America.
  • 1423 Born: Louis XI, King of France from 1461 until his death in 1483. Before succeeding his father Charles VII, he had rebelled against him.
  • 987 Hugh Capet was crowned King of France. The was the firs monarch of the House of Capet, which ruled the Kingdom of France until 1328.

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