This Day in History

  • 2013 The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali was officially deployed to stabilize the country after the Tuareg Rebellion.
  • 2010 Died: Ilene Woods, American singer and voice actress best known for being the voice of Cinderella in the eponymous Walt Disney animated film.
  • 2007 A smoking ban in England came into effect as a consequence of the Health Act 2006. It made it illegal to smoke in all enclosed work places.
  • 2004 Died: Marlon Brando, American actor and film director who is widely regarded as one of the greatest actors of all time. He won two Academy Awards.
  • 2002 Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937 and DHL Flight 611 collided mid-air over the towns of Überlingen and Owingen in southern Germany.
  • 2001 Died: Nikolay Basov, Soviet and Russian physicist and educator who was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics, sharing it with two scientists.
  • 1999 Died: Forrest Mars, American businessman best known for introducing the Mars bar and M&M’s. He was the son of Mars, Inc. founder.
  • 1991 The 1955 Warsaw Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance was officially dissolved by the Czechoslovak President Václav Havel.
  • 1980 “O Canada” officially became the national anthem of Canada. It was written by Adolphe-Basile Routhier, Robert Stanley Weir and Calixa Lavallé.
  • 1977 Born: Liv Tyler (born Liv Rundgren), American actress and former model. She is the daughter of Steven Tyler, lead singer of Aerosmith.
  • 1976 Died: Anneliese Michel, German women who was believed to be possessed by demons and therefore underwent Catholic exorcism.
  • 1974 Died: Juan Perón, Argentine military officer and politician who served as 29th and 40th President of Argentina from 1940 to 1955 and then from 1973 until his death.
  • 1971 Died: William Lawrence Bragg, Australian-born British physicist who was awarded the 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics, sharing it with his father.
  • 1963 The British government confirmed that Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent and had been a member of the so-called Cambridge Five.
  • 1961 Born: Diana, Princess of Wales (born Diana Spencer), the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. They got married in 1981 and divorced in 1996.
  • 1934 Born: Jamie Farr (born Jameel Joseph Farah), American actor best known for his role as Max Klinger on the CBS television series M*A*S*H.
  • 1934 Born: Sydney Pollack, American film director, producer and actor. His best known works include Tootsie, Out of Africa, They Shoot Horses, Don’t They?
  • 1926 Born: Robert Fogel, American economic historian and scientist who was awarded the 1993 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
  • 1916 The Battle of the Somme, also known as the Somme Offensive, began during the First World War. It was one of largest battles of the war.
  • 1916 Born: Olivia de Havilland, English-American actress whose career spanned over seven decades. She won two Academy Awards for Best Actress.
  • 1906 Born: Estée Lauder, American businesswoman primarily remembered as co-founder (along with her husband) of Estée Lauder Companies.
  • 1903 The first Tour de France cycling race began. It was launched to boost the circulation of the newspaper L’Auto, which sponsored the race.
  • 1903 Born: Amy Johnson, pioneering English aviator. In 1930, Johnson became the first female pilot to fly solo from England to Australia.
  • 1896 Died: Harriet Beecher Stowe, American abolitionist and author primarily remembered for her 1852 novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly”.
  • 1884 Died: Allan Pinkerton, Scottish American detective and spy best known as the creator of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.
  • 1863 The Battle of Gettysburg began during the American Civil War. It involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is regarded as the war’s turning point.
  • 1860 Died: Charles Goodyear, American self-taught chemist and manufacturing engineer primarily remembered for developing vulcanized rubber.
  • 1804 Born: George Sand (pen name of Aurore Dupin), French novelist, playwright and memoirist. One of her best known works is the novel Consuelo.
  • 1646 Born: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of philosophy and the history of mathematics.
  • 1569 The Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania signed the Union of Lublin, creating the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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