This Day in History

  • 2008 Died: Don S. Davis, American actor best known for his roles as General George S. Hammond in Stargate SG-1 and Major Garland Briggs in Twin Peaks.
  • 2007 Apple Inc. released its first smartphone, the iPhone (retroactively labeled the original iPhone). Since 2013, it has been considered obsolete.
  • 2003 Died: Katharine Hepburn, American actress who had been a leading lady in Hollywood for over six decades. She received four Academy Awards for Best Actress.
  • 2002 The Second Battle of Yeonpyeong took place near Yeonpyeong Island in the Yellow Sea. It was fought between North Korea and South Korea.
  • 2002 Died: Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist who was awarded the 2001 Turing Award, sharing it with Kristen Nygaard.
  • 2002 Died: Rosemary Clooney, American cabaret singer and actress whose best known hits include Come On-a My House and Mambo Italiano.
  • 1999 Died: Allan Carr, Tony-winning American producer and manager of stage and screen. He is best known for producing the 1978 film Grease.
  • 1995 The Sampoong Department Store collapsed in Seoul, South Korea, killing 502 people and injuring 937. The collapse was caused by structural overload.
  • 1982 Died: Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer known for his elegance and sophistication. He founded leading post-war fashion house Balmain.
  • 1978 Born: Nicole Scherzinger, American singer, dancer, actress and television personality. She rose to fame as lead singer of the Pussycat Dolls.
  • 1974 Isabel Perón was sworn in as the first female President of Argentina. She formally assumed the presidency on July 1, following the death of Juan Perón.
  • 1967 Died: Jayne Mansfield (born Vera Jayne Palmer), American actress, singer, nightclub entertainer and one of the early Playboy Playmates.
  • 1959 Born: Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, Turkmen politician and statesman who has served as the second president of Turkmenistan since 2006.
  • 1956 Marilyn Monroe married playwright and screenwriter Arthur Miller. It was her third and last marriage. Monroe and Miller divorced in 1961.
  • 1948 Born: Ian Paice, English musician, songwriter and record producer, best known as the drummer of the English rock band Deep Purple.
  • 1945 Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union signed a treaty, ceding Carpathian Ruthenia to the USSR. It was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR.
  • 1940 Died: Paul Klee, Swiss painter whose best known works include Flower Myth, Red Balloon, Nocturnal Festivity, Tale à la Hoffman, Senecio.
  • 1929 Born: Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist, political interviewer and author. Her long and successful journalistic career spanned over 50 years.
  • 1900 Born: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and aviator best known for his novella The Little Prince which was first published in 1943.
  • 1895 Died: Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist who was referred to as “Darwin’s Bulldog” for his advocacy of Darwin’s evolution theory.
  • 1892 Born: Henry Gerber, American gay rights activist who founded the Society for Human Rights, the first gay rights organization in the country.
  • 1864 A train fell through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River near the present-day town of Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, killing at least 99 people.
  • 1861 Died: Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet of the Victorian era. Her best known works include Aurora Leigh and Sonnets from the Portuguese.
  • 1861 Born: William James Mayo, American physician and surgeon who was one of the seven founders of the nonprofit Mayo Clinic.
  • 1858 Born: George Washington Goethals, United States Army officer and civil engineer best known for co-designing the Panama Canal.
  • 1819 Born: Thomas Dunn English, American politician, author and songwriter remembered for his bitter ongoing feud with Edgar Allan Poe.
  • 1800 The King of Pōmare ceded the island of Tahiti to France. Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of French Polynesia.
  • 1793 Born: Josef Ressel, German Bohemian inventor who is primarily remembered for designing one of the first working ship’s propellers.
  • 1776 Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga and Father Francisco Palóu founded Mission San Francisco de Asís in what is now San Francisco, California.
  • 1613 The Globe Theatre in London was completely destroyed by fire during a performance of Henry VII. It was rebuilt in the following year.

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