This Day in History June the 28th

This Day in History

  • 2014 Died: Meshach Taylor, American actor, best known for the roles in sitcoms Designing Women (as Anthony Bouvier) and Dave’s World (as Sheldon Baylor). He also starred in Damien: Omen II, Mannequin, The Howling etc.
  • 2012 Died: Richard Isay, American psychiatrist and author. He’s best known for pioneering the work, that changed the way that psychoanalysis views homosexuality.
  • 2009 President of Honduras Manuel Zelaya was ousted by a local military coup, that followed a failed request to hold a referendum to rewrite the Constitution of Honduras.
  • 2001 Slobodan Milošević was deported to International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia to stand trial for charges of war crimes. The trial lasted for 5 years and ended without a verdict when Milošević died in his prison cell.
  • 1992 Died: Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player, widely regarded as a creative genius and the best attacking player of all time. He holds the records for the first and second longest unbeaten streaks in competitive chess history.
  • 1987 Civilian population of Iranian town of Sardasht was targeted for chemical attack by Iraqi warplanes. This was the first such incident in military history.
  • 1985 Died: Lynd Ward, American author and illustrator, known for his series of wordless novels in woodcuts. These novels much influenced the development of the graphic novel.
  • 1950 Korean War: Seoul was occupied by North Korean troops. In attempt to slow North Korea’s offensive, South Korean forces blew up the Hangang Bridge.
  • 1946 Born: Robert Asprin, American author of fantasy and science fiction books, he is best known for his humorous MythAdventures and Phule’s Company series.
  • 1943 Born: Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for discovery of the integer quantum Hall Effect.
  • 1942 Nazi Germany started its strategic summer offensive against the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue.
  • 1940 Born: Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi economist and academic, Nobel Peace Prize laureate for founding the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh and pioneering the concepts of microcredit and microfinance.
  • 1926 Born: Mel Brooks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, best known as a creator of film farces and parodies. His best known films include Young Frankenstein, History of the World, Part I, Robin Hood: Men in Tights.
  • 1926 German industrialists Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merged their two companies, forming Mercedez-Benz.
  • 1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed in Paris, officially bringing to an end fighting between Germany and the Allies of World War I.
  • 1914 Died: Franz Ferdinand, an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
  • 1906 Born: Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Polish-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for proposing the nuclear shell model and atomic nucleus.
  • 1889 Died: Maria Mitchell, American astronomer and academic, discoverer of a comet that is known as Miss Mitchell’s Comet. Mitchell was the first American woman to work as a professional astronomer.
  • 1867 Born: Luigi Pirandello, Italian author, poet, and playwright, Noble Prize laureate for his bold and brilliant renovation of the drama and the stage.
  • 1859 The first conformation dog show was held in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.
  • 1852 Born: Charles Cruft, English showman, remembered as a founder of Crufts Dog Show. This event hosted by the Kennel Club and it’s the largest show of its kind in the world.
  • 1841 A triumph ballet Giselle premiered in the Salle Le Peletier in Paris. The ballet was very popular and staged across Europe, the United States and Russia.
  • 1836 Died: James Madison, American politician, the 4th President of the United States, hailed as the Father of the Constitution for being instrumental figure in the drafting of the U.S. Constitution and the key champion and author of the Bill of Rights.
  • 1712 Born: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher and polymath. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution and overall development of modern political, educational and sociological thought.
  • 1651 The Battle of Beresteczko started between Ukraine and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The battle is regarded as the largest European battle of the 17th century.
  • 1598 Died: Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and geographer, generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatre of the World, and believed to be the first person to imagine that the continents were joined together before drifting to their present positions.
  • 1586 Died: Primož Trubar, Slovenian author and reformer, known as the author of the first Slovene language printed book. He consolidated the Slovene language and became the key figure of Slovenian cultural history.
  • 1577 Born: Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, known as a proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality. He is well known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, landscapes, portraits and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.
  • 1491 Born: Henry VIII, King of England from 1509 till his death in 1547. He was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty, succeeding his father Henry VII.
  • 548 Died: Theodora, wife of Emperor Justinian I, Empress of the Byzantine empire. She was one of the most influential and powerful empresses of the Byzantine empire.

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