This Day in History

  • 2015 Died: Jerry Collins, New Zealand rugby player. He played for New Zealand and after winning the 2007 Rugby World Cup retired from international rugby in 2008. Collins died at the age of 34 after his car collided with a bus.
  • 2012 Died: Ray Bradbury, American science fiction, fantasy, mystery fiction and horror fiction writer. His best known works include Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles.
  • 2004 Died: Ronald Reagan, American actor, politician and statesman who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
  • 2002 Died: Dee Dee Ramone, German-American musician and songwriter best known as the founder of the punk rock band The Ramones.
  • 2000 The Six-Day War began in Kisagani, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was a series of armed confrontations between Rwandan and Ugandan forces.
  • 1998 Born: Yulia Lipnitskaya, Russian figure skater. As of 2015, she is the youngest Russian athlete to win a gold medal at the Winter Olympics.
  • 1984 Born: Cécilia Cara, French actress and singer best known for her role as Juliet in the French musical Roméo et Juliette: de la Haine à l’Amour.
  • 1981 The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report published by the CDC reported of five cases of a rare form of pneumonia. These were the first recognized cases of AIDS.
  • 1977 A coup d’état took place in Seychelles. The leader of the oppisition France-Albert René seized power and made Seychelles a one-party state.
  • 1975 Died: Paul Keres, Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer. He was nicknamed “The Eternal Second” and “The Crown Prince of Chess”.
  • 1968 Robert F. Kennedy, U. S. Senator from New York and presidential candidate, was shot in Los Angeles, California. He died the next day.
  • 1967 The Six-Day War between Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria began. Israel began the war with a preemptive air attack.
  • 1964 Born: Rick Riordan, American author primarily known for his Percy Jackson & the Olympians series, a pentalogy of young-adult fiction books.
  • 1952 Born: Nicko McBrain, English drummer and percussionist best known as the drummer for the heavy metal band Iron Maiden, which he joined in 1982.
  • 1947 The United States Secretary of State George Marshall voiced his plan of rebuilding European economics in a speech at Harvard University.
  • 1941 Born: Robert Kraft, American business magnate. He is best known as the founder, chairman and CEO of The Kraft Group (founded in 1998).
  • 1940 Operation Fall Rot (Case Red) began during the Second World War. It was the second phase of the conquest of France by Wermacht (the German Army).
  • 1939 Born: Joe Clark, Canadian statesman, politician, businessman, journalist, and writer. He served as Prime Minister of Canada in 1979-1980.
  • 1910 Died: O. Henry (pen name of William Sydney Porter), American short story writer. His stories are known for their wit, wordplay and surprise endings.
  • 1900 Died: Stephen Crane, American writer who is considered to be one of the most innovative authors of his generation. He died at the age of 28.
  • 1900 Born: Dennis Gabor, Hungarian-British physicist and electrical engineer who was awarded the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of holography.
  • 1898 Born: Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet, playwright, and theater director who is primarily remembered as a member of the Generation of ’27.
  • 1898 Born: Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian shoe designer who worked for many Hollywood stars. He founded his own luxury goods company in 1928.
  • 1883 The first regularly scheduled of Express d’Orient, a long-distance passenger train, left Paris for Vienna. The train was officially renamed Orient Express in 1891.
  • 1883 Born: John Maynard Keynes, British economist whose ideas significantly influenced on both the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics.
  • 1866 Died: John McDouall Stuart, Scottish explorer who led the first successful expedition to traverse the Australian mainland from south to north and return.
  • 1849 The Constitution of Denmark was signed by King Frederick VII. It put an end to absolute monarchy and made Denmark a constitutional monarchy.
  • 1832 The June Rebellion began in Paris. This anti-monarchist insurrection of Parisian republicans was described by Victor Hugo in his novel Les Misérables.
  • 1826 Died: Carl Maria von Weber, German composer, conductor, musician and music critic, one of the first significant Romantic-era composers.
  • 1816 Died: Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer of the Classical era. He was mainly an opera composer, but his works also include cantatas, oratorios etc.
  • 1316 Died: Louis X of France, monarch of the House of Capet who ruled as King of Navarre and Count of Champagne and as King of France.

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