This Day in History

  • 2014 A bomb exploded at a football field in Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria, killing at least 40 people and destroying a number of shops.
  • 2008 Died: Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer who is widely considered to be one of the greatest names in fashion history. He founded his brand in 1961.
  • 2001 A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up outside the Dolphinarium discotheque in Tel Aviv, killing 20 teenagers and one Israeli soldier.
  • 2001 Prince Dipendra, the heir to the throne of Nepal, killed nine members of the royal family and himself. The dead included King Birendra.
  • 1980 The Cable News Network (CNN) began broadcasting. At the time, CNN was the first television channel to provide 24-hour news coverage.
  • 1979 Died: Werner Forssmann, German physician who was awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, sharing it with two other scientists.
  • 1977 Born: Danielle Harris, American actress and film director best known for her roles in horror movies, including four films in the Halloween franchise.
  • 1974 Born: Alanis Morissette, Canadian-American singer-songwriter, musician, record producer and actress. As of 2015, she has won 7 Grammy Awards.
  • 1968 Died: Helen Keller, American writer, political activist, and lecturer. She is known as the first deafblind person to earn a bachelor of arts degree.
  • 1967 Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, the eighth studio album by the Beatles, was released. It was an immediate critical and commercial success.
  • 1952 Died: John Dewey, American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer known for his notable contributions to progressive education.
  • 1946 Died: Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships during World War II.
  • 1940 Born: René Auberjonois, American actor best known for his roles as Clayton Endicott III on Benson and Odo on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine.
  • 1939 The German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger made its first flight. It started flying operationally in August 1941.
  • 1937 Born: Morgan Freeman, American actor and film director who won the 2005 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as Edie Dupris in Million Dollar Baby.
  • 1935 Born: Norman Foster, renowned English architect. His best known works include 30 St Mary Axe and Wembley Stadium in London, the Willis Building in Ipswich.
  • 1926 Born: Andy Griffith, American actor, comedian, television producer, singer and writer. He won a Grammy Award and was a Tony Award nominee.
  • 1926 Born: Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson), American actress, singer, and model who became a major sex symbol during the 1950s and early 1960s.
  • 1917 Born: William Standish Knowles, American chemist who was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with two other scientists.
  • 1876 Died: Hristo Botev, Bulgarian poet, journalist and national revolutionary. He is widely considered to be a symbolic historical figure and national hero.
  • 1868 Died: James Buchanan, American statesman and politician who served as the 15th President of the United States from 1857 to 1861.
  • 1864 Died: Hong Xiuquan, the leader of the Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty. In 1851, he established the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
  • 1831 British navel officer and explorer James Clark Ross discovered the North Magnetic Pole. The South Magnetic Pole was found much later.
  • 1804 Born: Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer who is considered to be the fountainhead of Russian classical music. His best known work is the opera A Life for the Tsar.
  • 1796 Born: Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French military engineer and physicist who is often referred to as the “father of thermodynamics”.
  • 1794 The naval battle known as the Glorious First of June was fought between Great Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1616 Died: Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan. He seized power in 1600 and was appointed as a shogun in 1603.
  • 1533 Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII, was crowned Queen consort of England. Three years later, she was executed for adultery, incest and treason.
  • 1495 Friar John Cor recorded the first known batch of Scotch whisky. John Cor was a Tironensian monk who served at the court of James IV.
  • 1434 Died: Władysław II Jagiełło, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland. He is primarily remembered for converting Lithuania to Christianity.

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