This Day in History

  • 2012 Died: Andrew Huxley, English biophysicist and physiologist. In 1963, Huxley was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 2011 Died: Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American medical physicist who was awarded the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the RIA technology.
  • 1974 The Airbus A300 passenger aircraft first entered service. It the world’s first twin-engined widebody and the first product of Airbus Industrie.
  • 1974 Born: CeeLo Green (stage name of Thomas DeCarlo Callaway), American singer, songwriter, record producer, actor and entrepreneur.
  • 1971 The unmanned NASA space probe Mariner 9 was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. It reached Mars on November 14 of the same year.
  • 1971 Born: Idina Menzel, American actress of stage and screen and singer-songwriter. She originated the role of Elphaba in the Broadway musical Wicked.
  • 1966 Former Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo Évariste Kimba was arrested by the security forces of President Joseph Mobutu.
  • 1960 Died: Boris Pasternak, Russian poet, novelist and translator who was awarded the 1958 Nobel Prize in Literature. His best-known work is Doctor Zhivago.
  • 1958 Born: Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer-songwriter best known as a member of the pop rock duo Roxette, which she created with Per Gessle.
  • 1942 The first bombing of the German city of Cologne by the Allies took place during the Second World War. It was carried out by the Royal Air Force.
  • 1934 Born: Alexey Leonov, Soviet and Russian cosmonaut and Air Force Major General. He is known as the first human to conduct extra-vehicular activity.
  • 1932 Born: Ray Cooney, English playwright and actor best known for his 1983 adult comedy play Run for Your Wife about the cab driver who has two wives.
  • 1922 The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C. The only surviving son of Abraham Lincoln, Robert Todd Lincoln, attended the ceremony.
  • 1912 Died: Wilbur Wright, American inventor and aviation pioneer, the elder of the Wright brothers. He died at the age of forty-five of typhoid fever.
  • 1910 Born: Ralph Metcalfe, American track and field sprinter and politician. He won four Olympic medals and held the world record in the 100-meter dash.
  • 1909 Born: Benny Goodman, American jazz and swing musician, clarinetist, songwriter and bandleader who is often referred to as the “King of Swing”.
  • 1908 Born: Hannes Alfvén, Swedish physicist and electric engineer who was awarded the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in magneto-hydrodynamics.
  • 1896 Born: Howard Hawks, American film director, screenwriter, and producer of the classic Hollywood era. He received an Honorary Academy Award.
  • 1846 Born: Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian jeweler best known for his famous Fabergé eggs, a series of jeweled eggs made in the style of Easter eggs.
  • 1814 The Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the War of the Sixth Coalition.It established peace between France and the UK, Russia, Austria, and Prussia.
  • 1806 Future President of the United States Andrew Jackson killed attorney Charles Dickinson in a duel over a matter of honor regarding his wife Rachel.
  • 1778 Died: Voltaire (pen name of François-Marie Arouet), outstanding French writer, historian and philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment famous for his wit.
  • 1770 Died: François Boucher, French painter in the Rococo style. He painted several portraits of Madame de Pompadour, who was his patroness.
  • 1744 Died: Alexander Pope, English poet and literary translator best known for his satirical verse and translation of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey.
  • 1631 The first issue of La Gazette (originally Gazette de France) was issued. La Gazette was the first weekly magazine published in France.
  • 1593 Died: Christopher Marlowe, English playwright and translator of the Elizabethan era who significantly influenced William Shakespeare.
  • 1536 King Henry VIII of England married Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives, Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn.
  • 1431 Died: Joan of Arc, national heroine of France who fought in the Hundred Years’ War and helped lift the siege of Orléans. She is a Roman Catholic saint.
  • 1416 Died: Jerome of Prague, Czech church reformer and follower of Jan Hus. He was burned for heresy as he supported the Protestant Reformation.
  • 1381 The Peasants’ Revolt, also known as the Great Rising or War Tyler’s Revolt, began in Essex, England. It was suppressed by November 1381.

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