This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: Ottavio Missoni, Italian hurdler and fashion designer, founder of Missoni, a high-end Italian fashion house. Missoni along with his wife Rosita was a part of the group of designers who launched Italian ready-to-wear in the 1950s, ensuring the global success of Italian fashion.
  • 2010 Died: Lena Horne, American singer, actress, and dancer, one of the first musical stars, winner of Tony Awards for Best Actress and Lifetime Achievement Award.
  • 2001 129 football fans died in Ghana due to a stampede following a controversial decision by the referee. The disappointed fans started throwing plastic seats and bottles onto the pitch. The police answered firing tear gas into the crowd. Panic ensued and led to a deathly stampede.
  • 1997 Died: Marco Ferreri, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter. His films combined social and political criticism, black humor and sex, and often shocked the audience with their candor.
  • 1987 A LOT Polish Airlines Ilyushin IL-62M, Tadeusz Kościuszko (SP-LBG), crashed after takeoff in Warsaw, Poland. 183 on board died.
  • 1986 Died: Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese mountaineer, one of the first two individuals known to have reached the summit of Mount Everest.
  • 1978 Died: Aldo Moro, Italian politician, 38th Prime Minister of Italy, known as one of the Italy’s longest-serving post-war Prime Ministers (from 1963 to 1968 and from 1974 to 1976).
  • 1977 The Hotel Polen in Amsterdam was burned down by a disastrous fire. 33 died and 21 got severe injures.
  • 1974 The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opened formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon.
  • 1970 About 100,000 war protesters demonstrated in front of the White House against the U.S. military actions in Vietnam.
  • 1962 Born: Dave Gahan, English singer-songwriter, best known as the lead singer or Depeche Mode.
  • 1957 Died: Ezio Pinza, Italian opera singer, known for a bass with a rich, smooth and sonorous voice. Pinza appeared in more that 750 performances and 50 operas, enjoyed career on Broadway in the musical theater and in several Hollywood films.
  • 1955 NATO was joined by West Germany.
  • 1949 Died: Louis II, Prince of Monaco. He was succeeded by his grandson, Prince Rainer III, due to his mother hereditary Princess Charlotte ceded her succession rights to him.
  • 1949 Born: Billy Joel, American singer-songwriter and pianist, a six-time Grammy Award winner, one of the best-selling artists of all time. New York State of Mind is his one of the best-known songs.
  • 1936 Born: Albert Finney, English actor, singer, and producer, winner of BAFTA and Golden Globes Awards. He is best remembered for his roles in Saturday Night and Sunday Morning , Tom Jones,The Dresser, Miller’s Crossing, Big Fish, The Bourne Ultimatum, Annie, The Bourne Legacy and Skyfall.
  • 1931 Died: Albert A. Michelson, German-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid.
  • 1911 The Vatican placed the works of Italian writer and poet Gabriele D’Annunzio in the Index of Forbidden Books. The reason for that was collaboration of D’Annunzio with Claude Debussy on a musical play Le martyre de Saint Sébastien (The Martyrdom of St Sebastian).
  • 1893 Born: William Moulton Marston, American psychologist and author, best known as comic book writer and creator of Wonder Woman. Marston was inspired by his wife Elizabeth and Olive Byrne (she lived with the couple in an extended relationship) to create this character.
  • 1882 Born: Henry J. Kaiser, American businessman and shipbuilder, the father of modern American shipbuilding. He founded the Kaiser Shipyards, that build Liberty ships during World War II.
  • 1874 Born: Howard Carter, English archaeologist, famous for discovery of the intact tomb of the 14th-century BC pharaoh Tutankhamun in November 1922.
  • 1874 The first horse-drawn buses appeared in the city of Mumbai. The buses operated two routes.
  • 1874 A magnitude 8.8 earthquake off the coast of Peru killed 2,541. People died mainly in Peru, although some deaths were reported from Hawaii and Japan.
  • 1860 Born: J. M. Barrie, Scottish author and playwright, best remembered as a creator of Peter Pen.
  • 1850 Died: Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French chemist and physicist, best known for two laws related to gases and work on alcohol-water mixtures. His works led to the degrees Gay-Lussac used to measure alcoholic beverages in many countries.
  • 1845 Born: Gustaf de Laval, Swedish engineer and inventor, who made important contributions to the development of steam turbines and dairy machinery.
  • 1837 Born: Adam Opel, German engineer, founder of the Opel Company, a German automobile manufacturer of passenger vehicles.
  • 1805 Died: Friedrich Schiller, German poet, playwright, and historian. His Ode to Joy is one of the most known works and it became the basis for the fourth movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9.
  • 1746 Born: Gaspard Monge, French mathematician and engineer. Monge is considered as the inventor of descriptive geometry and the father of differential geometry.
  • 1386 England and Portugal formally ratified their alliance with the signing of the Treaty of Windsor. This treaty became the oldest diplomatic alliance in the world which is still in force.

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